Beginner table design

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Question :

I have been coding in C# for a couple of years where I usually try to follow the ‘single responsibility principle’ which states that each class should ideally be responsible for only 1 goal. Now I want to design a small database for my app users. My initial go at this is as follows:

Table design

I am not sure how the single responsibility principle applies to the database world. Should I split this table into 3 tables, one which holds only the Facebook ID, and another for all high score related fields (HighScore, AllTimeHighScore, ScoreDate, …) and a 3rd for all medal fields, and maybe a 4th table for just the Expert Mode Score, or keep it as is? I know this is probably overkill, but I would like to know the basic principles regarding what can be grouped in a single table.

Note: I would like to take into consideration future proofing. If in the future I decide I want to add a ‘platinum medal’ field, would that change at all how I would want to design my above table now?

Answer :

There are a couple of ways you could model this database. There is nothing wrong with the way you have it right now. However, you could normalize the table structure something like:

CREATE TABLE Player (
   facebookId BIGINT NOT NULL, 
   XP int NULL,
   PRIMARY KEY (facebookId)
)

CREATE TABLE Score (
    facebookId BIGINT NOT NULL FOREIGN KEY REFERENCES Player(facebookId),
    score INT NOT NULL,
    scoreDate2 DATETIME NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (score)
)

CREATE TABLE MedalType (
    medalType INT NOT NULL IDENTITY(1,1),
    medalName VARHCAR(10) NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (medalType)
)

CREATE TABLE PlayerMedal {
    medalId BIGINT NOT NULL IDENTITY(1,1),
    facebookId BIGINT NOT NULL FOREIGN KEY REFERENCES Player(facebookId),
    medalType INT NOT NULL FOREIGN KEY REFERENCES MedalType(medalType),
    PRIMARY KEY (medalId)
}

This type of structure would be a lot more flexible. To add your “platinum” medeal, you would add a row to the MedalType table. You could then query the number of medals of that type that the player has from the PlayerMedal table.

For the All-Time High Score, use the Score table with the MAX() function to get their highest score.

Two things that I didn’t quite model properly here are:

  1. XP — didn’t know what this was, so wasn’t sure where to place it.
  2. Using facebookId as the primary key – Wouldn’t do this in case you decide your system isn’t going to be solely based on Facebook. Would use an unique key, with facebookId as another column in the table.

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